(B) Student Practice Tree Identification

Discussion in 'BushClass USA' started by abo4ster, Apr 20, 2011.

  1. Broke

    Broke Back yard bushcrafter Supporter

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    Tree #4
    river birch (Betula nigra L.) Betulaceae family
    Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, rhombic to ovate, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, conspicuously doubly serrate, with a wedge-shaped base, green above, paler and fuzzy below.
    Flower: Species is monoecious; preformed, reddish green, male catkins near the end of the twig, 2 to 3 inches long; female catkins upright, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, light green, appear or elongate (males) in mid-spring.
    Fruit: Cone-like, aggregate, 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, with many hairy scales, reddish brown, containing many tiny, 3-winged seeds, ripen and break apart in the fall.
    Twig: Slender, orangish brown in color, smooth or slightly pubescent, with the terminal bud absent. Lateral buds may be slightly pubescent. No wintergreen odor when cut.
    Bark: Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust colored; developing papery scales, exfoliating horizontally with several colors (creamy to orangish-brown) visible; later developing coarse scales.
    Form: Medium size tree reaching up to 70 feet tall. The trunk generally divides low into several upright trunks.

    This is one of my favorite trees in the yard. We are fortunate enough to have 2 clusters that are about 14 feet apart, perfect for hanging a hammock. They provide awesome shade to my back porch as well.
    The bark is an excellent tinder for firestarting.
    The sap can be harvested and made into syrup.
    The larger limbs are great for carving as well, I used one for the fowlers water bottle challenge.

    [​IMG]

    Tree #5

    red mulberry (Morus rubra L.) Moraceae family
    Leaf: Alternate, simple, broadly ovate to roughly orbicular, 3 to 5 inches long, serrate margin, highly variable in that they may have no lobes or be highly dissected into lobes; green above with a rough scabrous texture, paler and fuzzy below.
    Flower: Species is usually dioecious; small, pale green; male flowers are hanging catkins, 1 to 2 inches long; females are 1 inch long catkins, both appearing in late spring.
    Fruit: Resembling blackberries, cylindrical, 1 to 1 1/4 inches long, fleshy multiples of drupes, each containing a small seed, maturing in summer.
    Twig: Slender, zigzag, green changing to red-brown, sometimes pubescent; buds are covered with brown-margined overlapping scales; leaf scars shield-shaped and somewhat sunken; silvery-white filaments present when broken.
    Bark: Gray-brown and quite irregular with long, scaly ridges. Younger trees are often orangish, especially when wet.
    Form: A small tree to 60 feet in height, with a short trunk that typically branches low.

    This is a great tree to have in the yard, it is most years a prolific producer of fruit, and feeds the tree bacon very well.
    The root bark is anthelmintic and cathartic. A tea made from the roots has been used in the treatment of weakness, difficult urination, dysentery, tapeworms and as a panacea. The sap is used in the treatment of ringworm. Another report says that the milky juice obtained from the axis of the leaf is used. The fruits are used to reduce fevers.
    [​IMG]
     
  2. CivilizationDropout

    CivilizationDropout -MOA #17-MYOG #71- Supporter Bushcraft Friend

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    Here goes,
    Red Maple/Swamp Maple:Acer Rubrum
    Tall semi-straight deciduous trees with smooth to scaly bark depending on age.
    The leaves are palmate, viened and oppositely arranged.
    In the spring fuzzy red flowers appear by gender and are followed by winged seeds oppositely arranged on a stem, in clusters of stems.
    USES;
    1.) Sap has a high concentration of sugar, while not as high as the sugar maple (Acer Saccharum) it still yields syrup worthy sap.
    2.) It's tight grained white hardwood is prized for carving or constructing ornamental woodworking projects.
    IMG_0824.JPG IMG_0826.JPG IMG_0827.JPG

    White Pine/Weymouth Pine/Eastern or Northern White Pineinus Strobus
    Tall, knotty evergreen with vertically split bark with smooth facets and rough channels. Foliage is clusters of 5 needles within a deciduous sheath.
    Cones are large green to tan with papery seeds.
    USES;
    1) Tea made from its new growth needles is commonly consumed as a beverage, with the benefit of soothing sore throats, alleviating lung ailments and aiding proper kidney function.
    The bark is also reported to be medicinal, used in tincture as an expectorant and vitamin C supplement.
    2) Although it makes a mess, pine sap has a natural antibacterial quality, which is helpful when constructing equipment from natural materials. The seams of leather and other natural material projects can be tacked with the sap, waterproofing it AND preventing mold or rot. Also fatwood, DUH.
    IMG_0830.JPG IMG_0831.JPG IMG_0833.JPG

    Eastern Tulip/Yellow Poplar/Canoewood Tree:Liriodendron Tulipifera
    Very tall straight growing bole topped deciduous, with lobed leaves with a cross cut notch or straight apex. Bark is rough and vertically cleaved. Flowers are light green to yellow with orange blazes.
    USES;
    1) Good indicator of soil, prefers moist or swamplands, indicates acidic clay and heavy loamy soil(typical wetland/swamp environment).
    2) Soft, easy to craft wood. Typically used in the construction of dugout canoes.
    IMG_0836.JPG IMG_0837.JPG IMG_0834.JPG
     
    Last edited: May 14, 2017
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  3. CivilizationDropout

    CivilizationDropout -MOA #17-MYOG #71- Supporter Bushcraft Friend

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    Swamp Cedar/Shag Cedar:Thuja Occidentalis
    Tall straight growing evergreen, with dark red bark that peels in long strips. Needles are alternating along short twigs. Cones are small and tan in clusters.
    USES;
    1) Needles; can be made into a tea a) to be ingested for their high vitamin C content b)apply topically to alleviate rashes. Also a good source for deer in winter months.
    2) The sap is highly flammable and can be used as a sealant, ideally with its own wood for baskets, buckets and salt canoes. IMG_0899.JPG IMG_0897.JPG IMG_0845.JPG
    American Beech/North American Beech:Fagus Grandifolia
    Medium height smooth silver barked deciduous, retains its dead tan/brown sawtooth leaves late into the year. In the spring and summer its leaves are bright green.
    1) It's nuts are edible, common for forage amongst squirrels and deer. These nuts can be used to make a dark brown dye.
    2) it's bark is it common target for vandals being smooth, it's wood is often used as a cheaper alternative to walnut in the use of gun stocks and woodworking projects.
    IMG_0840.JPG IMG_0841.JPG IMG_0842.JPG

    Thanks! Can I use part of the trip to identify these trees as an outing?
     
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  4. Sgt. Mac

    Sgt. Mac Elder Staff Member Administrator Supporter Bushclass I Bushclass II Bushclass Instructor

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    No sorry
     
  5. CivilizationDropout

    CivilizationDropout -MOA #17-MYOG #71- Supporter Bushcraft Friend

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    Figured, Thanks Mac!
     
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  6. MommaJ

    MommaJ Supporter Supporter Bushclass I

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    Sassafras
    Sassafras albidum

    Description: Boo ghost shaped leaf (3 lobes mitten shape according to the book), greyish brownish bark, deep green leaf on the top slivery hairy underneath. Sweet smelling leaf and the roots smell like rootbear

    2 Uses:
    1. Food: Flavoring for rootbeer
    2. Dye: The bark has been used as a dye by Native tribes
    Sassafras 1.jpg Sassafras 2.jpg Sassafras 3.jpg Sassafras 4.jpg
     
  7. MommaJ

    MommaJ Supporter Supporter Bushclass I

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    Pitch Pine
    Pinaceae Pinus

    Description: Dinosuar like scale bark,long 3"-5" cluster 3 needles, oval egg like cones,yellow/orange 1/2' fuzzy stalks on the branchs surrounded by needles(flower/baby)

    Uses:
    Medicine: Pine Tea for a source of vitamin c
    Fire: Pine sap
    pitch pine 1.jpg pitch pine 2.jpg pitch pine 3.jpg pitch pine.jpg
     
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  8. MommaJ

    MommaJ Supporter Supporter Bushclass I

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    Black Oak
    Fagaceae Quercus

    Description: Multi lobed long leaf with 7 alternating lobes, acorn with large cap and loose scales,vertical deep scales grey bark

    Uses:
    1. lumber
    2. bark was used as a yellow dye for clothes
    black oak2.jpg black oak3.jpg
    black oak1.jpg
     
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  9. MommaJ

    MommaJ Supporter Supporter Bushclass I

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    Sweetbay Magnolia
    Magnoliaceae Magnolia

    Description: single oval leaf about 2"-3", sweet citrus smelling leaves when crushed, green top and silvery underneath smooth brown grey bark

    Uses:
    1. trapping beaver, they love the leaves so baiting traps with the leaves would draw the beavers in hence earning it the nickname Beavertree
    2. wood is used in building furniture
    sweetbay1.jpg sweetbay2.jpg sweetbay3.jpg
     
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  10. MommaJ

    MommaJ Supporter Supporter Bushclass I

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    Atlantic white cedar
    Cupressaceae Chamaecyparis

    Description: Evergreen with fan like short cluster like flat needles, bark is vertical,fiber like greyish, small cones

    Uses:
    1. Ecology found in swamps
    2. wood is resistant to decay and as such used for phone poles
    atlantic cedar 1.jpg atlantic cedar 2.jpg atlantic cedar.jpg
     
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  11. Gina Hakamaki

    Gina Hakamaki Tinder Gatherer

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    IMG_2527.JPG
    White Pine
    Pinus strobus
    Soft wood with long needle like leaves in clusters of five.
    Used for pulpwood and construction timer.
    IMG_2528.JPG
    BalsamFir
    Abies balsamea
    Soft wood tree with fragrant needles that grow spiral but appear two ranked.
    Used for Christmas trees and pulp woodih
    IMG_2529.JPG
    White Birch
    Betula papyrifera
    Thebark characteristically seperates into thin papery layers as it ages being very white on the outside and orange on the inner surface
    Current uses are for turned products like dowels and handles and Native Americans used the bark as housing coverings and canoes.
    IMG_2530.JPG
    Jack Pine
    Pinus banksiana
    Characterized by extremely long needles in clusters of two with light soft wood
    Used for pulpwood and boxes

    IMG_2532.JPG
    Northern White Cedar
    Thuja occidentalis
    Tree has a dense wide base, often twisted or leaning and buttressed with the trunk sometimes diverted into 2-3 secondsry stems. Leaves are scale like in two pairs, opposite 4 ranked.
    Rustic furniture and cabin logs
     
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  12. Tomcat110

    Tomcat110 Tracker

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    Used these guides to aid me in identifying the trees and I also used the internet as a cross reference.
    20170712_131519.jpg
    Eastern White Pine, Pinus Stobus : evergreen tree that grows in well drained soil. Needles are grouped in 5 needle clusters. Cones are 3-6 inches long, with tapering scales.
    Uses: pine needle tea is high in vitamin C., sap can be used to cover wounds and as a Firestarter, inner bark is edible. 20170709_091411.jpg

    Staghorn Sumac, Rhus Thphina. Small tree in dry soil that grows in openings and along field edges. Alternate compound leaves, velvet hair twigs, topped. With red berry clusters.
    Uses: berry clusters can be used to make a refreshing tea. Also good for bow drill sets Screenshot_2016-08-12-21-01-50-1.png


    American Beech, Fagus Grandfolia. Smooth gray bark, alternate leaves that are toothed with parallel vixens on short stalks, fruit is a 3 sided nut

    uses: nuts are edible, dried leaves are good tinder, old trees can be tapped for sap 20170710_115836.jpg

    Sassafras. Brownish ridges bark, 3 different shaped leaves: mitten, oval, 3 loped.
    Uses : roots used for tea, stem, leaves, and roots are edible. Tender twigs can be used as a toothbrush 20170709_105501.jpg



    White Birch, Betula Papyrifera
    White paper like bark, pointed oval shaped leaves.
    Uses : bark can be made into containers and coverings, bark can also be used in fire starter, sap is drinkable 20170710_121014.jpg
     
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  13. bushcraft887

    bushcraft887 Tracker

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    Pine (pinus stobus) evergreen tree with a pleasant aroma. Needles can be made into a tea rich in vitamin c. Resin is a great fire starter.
    20170716_164440.jpg 20170716_164825.jpg

    Birch (betula papyrifera) tall thin tree with white papery bark. Bark is an excellent fire starter. Bark is also good for making containers.
    20170716_164259.jpg

    Eastern hemlock (tsuga canadensis) pyramid shaped tree with droopy branches. Boughs can be used to cover shelters and create bedding. Can be steeped into a tea. 20170716_163953.jpg
    White oak (quercus alba) hardwood tree with thick rough bark. Great wood for cooking. Acorns can be processed into flour. 20170716_165033.jpg

    Autumn olive (elaegnus umbellata) bush like tree with slivery leaves. Fruit can be eaten fresh or dried. Flowers can be used as an astringent.
    20170716_164140.jpg
     
    Last edited: Jul 17, 2017
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