Stone age Celt (pic heavy)

Discussion in 'Edged Tools' started by Stoneshaper, Dec 15, 2011.

  1. Stoneshaper

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    Here is a Hafted Celt that I made using all stone age tools and techniques, including the handle.
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    Here is a small tree about 10 inches in diameter after a took a few wacks at it with the celt.
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    Here is the Celt leaning against the tree
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    Here is about 10 min worth of chopping
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    The tree is down with about 12 min of work
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    It is not quite as fast as a good double bit axe, but I wouldn't feel a bit handicapped having to use one everyday. As a matter of fact I do use one quite often. I usually make about 3 of these a year, because of the time it takes. There is 40 to 60 hours in making the celt and about 20 to 30 hours making the handle. Doing it the old way takes lots of time but is very rewarding. I could grind the heads out in less than an hour with power tools and do the same with the handles, but that leaves the piece with out any soul or feeling.

    Best wishes, and thanks for looking,

    Joe
     
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  2. solocanoe

    solocanoe Bushmaster

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    wow.... that is really something! congrats on your nice work!
     
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  3. georgia_axe

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    very cool project! nice job :D
     
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  4. zammer

    zammer Guide

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    Nice project Stoneshaper, what type of wood and stone were used?
     
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  5. Bonehead

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    Very impressive! I couldn't even do that with power tools!
     
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  6. OddTheViking

    OddTheViking Guide

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    That's cool, I'd love to see more info on how they are made.
     
  7. briarbrow

    briarbrow Banned Member Banned

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    Man you are crazy; but in a good way. I always wondered how long it would take to chop down a tree with such a tool.
     
  8. Stoneshaper

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    I don't know what kind of stone it is, just some tight grained stone. Normally I will use granite or basalt but I like the look of this one so thought I would give it a try. I use the traditional handle material which is dogwood. Once it dries it is nearly as hard as iron.

    Best wishes,

    Joe
     
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  9. John, the baptist

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    Thats pretty impressive man. How does the head stay in the slot? What kind of wood/stone is that? I'd love to see a general pic story of the process for making one of these.
     
  10. Taliesin

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    Sweet axe!!!
     
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  11. MLarson

    MLarson Scout

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    Man that is very cool!
     
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  12. wolfy

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    What keeps the celt from wedging itself deeper and deeper into the haft and eventually splitting it? I'd think the addition of a wrap or two of doggy-bone rawhide above and below the eye would be worthwhile insurance, but I'm no paleo cave person either:38:

    What did you use to abrade the celt? That took some dedication!
     
  13. grizzlyjoe

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    Wow, that is truly amazing work!
     
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  14. Easy_rider75

    Easy_rider75 Bushwhacker

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    That's really cool I'm interested in more info on it myself how ya made it
     
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  15. The Warrior

    The Warrior Architect of Fire

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    Very cool.
     
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  16. Bravo Tango

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    Axesome
     
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  17. MtnManJoe

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    "If" the tree is 10 inch in diameter, then are we correct in assuming - from the next pic, that the length of the stone 'blade' is also about 10 inches?
    The tool's dimensions are deceptive ??
     
  18. Stoneshaper

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    I have a picture tutorial showing the progress of pecking out the head that I will post sometime. I don't have anything of the making of the handle. I used a smaller celt that I had made to cut the dogwood in the winter when the sap is down. I cut the piece to length and seal the ends with wax. This allows it to dry slowly. After about 3 months I peal the bark off of it and let it dry for a few more weeks. Then I use a stone drill to drill several large holes where I want to mount the head. Once the holes are there it is just a matter of using hot coals from a fire to burn out a majority of the excess, and then following it up with sharp flint shards to shave it to the final dimensions. Once I have the hole the way I like it, then I knapp out a couple of flint/chert crescents to use as draw knives to cut the rest of the handle the way I want it shaped.

    Best wishes,

    Joe
     
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  19. cottonwoodscamp

    cottonwoodscamp Scout

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    Nice work thanx for sharing your efforts
     
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  20. Moe M.

    Moe M. Supporter Supporter

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    Seems like a waste of a perfectly good tree just for demonstration purposses, I'm not a greenie or a tree hugger by a stretch, but cutting of live trees for nothing more than a demo is like killing an animal just to show how effective a certain cartridge can be, there must be another way.

    I don't mean to hurt your feelings, but it got the best of me.
     
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  21. MANIMAL

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    who said he didnt use the cut tree afterwards?




    anyway/....amazing piece you crafted - real amazing work
     
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  22. cloudraker

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    Thanks for the explanation on how you cut with a celt. They're pretty cool. I tried the pecking method a few times on granite, but half the time I run out of time and forgot where I placed it or I start to annoy family around me with the constant pecking sound. Oh well, that's why I have a trail hawk....
     
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  23. wolfy

    wolfy Guest

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    I was really happy to get all that explanation on the relationship between the haft and the celt. I can now see why it doesn't split out.....I always wondered how those non-grooved celts were retained. Thank you!

    I found a really nice celt on our farm that is undamaged. It's the nicest piece I've ever found.....about 8" long, ungrooved, bit is about 2.5" wide and is made from stone that has kind of a greenish cast. I've seen celts of that very same stone in museums and was told that it comes from a specific ridge back in Tennessee, Kentucky or someplace back there......can't remember (brain damage and old age) and it is found in tools all over the country because it was traded extensively.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Dec 16, 2011
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  24. lonelake

    lonelake Scout

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    Great use of traditional tools to make a tool! Great post, thanks!

    LL
     
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  25. Lerch

    Lerch Bushmaster Bushclass I

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    Great work, well done. That is an impressive bit of work. Please do post the pics of the step by step progress. I'd like to see that.

    Edited to add: Just based on the amount of effort that went into this I find it unlikely that the tree was whomped and left to rot. I could be wrong but jumping someone without any info is not cool. Hell even if it was destruction for demonstration only you can bet he isn't doing this enough to hurt a forest. That is a lot of work to bring down a single tree.
     
    Last edited: Dec 16, 2011
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  26. Stoneshaper

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    Nothing on this farm goes to waste. The limbs were cut off and added to a brush pile near by. The brush pile provides shelter for some of the smaller wildlife, birds and rabbits, and hides them from the predators. The log being nice and straight was then cut to an 8 ft length and used as a corner post brace, which was the whole reason for cutting it in the first place. The rest of the log that was too small for a second brace, was then cut up into sticks of firewood, stacked up and allowed to dry.

    Best wishes,

    Joe
     
    Last edited: Dec 16, 2011
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  27. 3fires

    3fires Guide

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    That is really impressive to say the least.
     
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  28. Skab

    Skab Staff Staff Member Administrator Super Moderator Vendor Lifetime Supporter Bushclass I Bushclass Instructor

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    Interesting. I would love to see a video of you chopping with that.
     
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  29. Medicine maker

    Medicine maker Guide

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    Have you made anymore axes?
     
  30. Medicine maker

    Medicine maker Guide

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    Bump
     
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  31. Lazarusaurus

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    Very cool!
     
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  32. ButeoBorealis

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    I am a historical interpreter teaching Native history, through the story of another tribe albeit, but I have to ask for personal use and museum use. Where did this stone come from??? I know this is an old post but I just have to know.
    Thanks!!
     
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  33. Lee C.

    Lee C. Scout

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    Wow! Now this here is a really cool story.. really neat. That's some awesome work ya done too. Thanks for sharing! I hope to read and learn more about how you shaped and made that lil axe. How's it kept together? How's it not split??... Again, nicely done!!:)
     
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  34. NevadaBlue

    NevadaBlue Graybeard Supporter Bushcraft Friend Bushclass I

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    I too would like to see more, but the OP hasn’t been on the site since 2012.
     
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  35. SwampYankee64

    SwampYankee64 Supporter Supporter Bushclass II

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    Very very cool!!! Thanks for sharing that Bub.
    s/f
    Buzz
     
  36. Medicine maker

    Medicine maker Guide

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    The stone is placed within a hole in the handle (called a mortise). To the left and right of the stone you will see full blown daylight through it. The stone is wedged against the top and bottom of the hole and never hits the left or right portions of the hole. As long as it does this the handle will never ever split and the head will never ever come out. This is called the Celt style of axe ( in no way related to the culture the Celts specifically) / The stoneage axe- The celt axe
     
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  37. Medicine maker

    Medicine maker Guide

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  38. funkja

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    I dont want to take away from @Stoneshaper and his work. Great axe btw! Primitive Technology on youtube has a nice video of how he makes his stone ax from basalt.

     
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  39. ButeoBorealis

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